With the passage of the Occupational Safety and Health Act in 1970, the federal government gained the authority to set and enforce safety and health standards for most U.S. workers. This authority rests with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Under the OSH Act, employers have a duty to provide a safe workplace. The specific OSHA regulations that construction industry employers must abide by are laid out in federal statutes.
To enforce these regulations, OSHA reserves the right to perform unannounced worksite inspections. Workers also have the right to request an OSHA inspection.