Brain Injuries and Strokes
A brain injury that is not hereditary or congenital (a birth defect) is sometimes known as an acquired brain injury or ABI. These can be caused by:
- Anoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain)
- Infection in the brain
- Aneurysm (a weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein that causes the vessel to swell and possibly burst)
- Trauma, known as a traumatic brain injury, or TBI
The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) says about 795,000 children and adults in the U.S. sustain an ABI each year, and another 2.4 million suffer a TBI.